X-PressMatter Group' IHPP PAS

Soft  Matter  Blog

  1. en

Discover the secrets of Soft Matter with us!

27 maja 2024

Supercriticality, Glassy Dynamics, and the New Insight into Melting/Freezing Discontinuous Transition in Linseed Oil,

The long-range supercritical changes of dielectric constant, resembling ones observed in the isotropic liquid phase of liquid crystalline compounds, are evidenced for linseed oil—although in the given case, the phenomenon is associated with the liquid–solid melting/freezing discontinuous phase transitions. This ‘supercriticality’ can be an additional factor supporting the unique pro-health properties of linseed oil. Broadband dielectric spectroscopy studies also revealed the ‘glassy’ changes of relaxation times, well portrayed by the ‘activated and critical’ equation recently introduced. In the solid phase, the premelting effect characteristic for the canonic melting/freezing discontinuous transition, i.e., without any pretransitional effect in the liquid phase, has been detected. It is interpreted within the grain model, and its parameterization is possible using the Lipovsky model and the ‘reversed’ Mossotti catastrophe concept. For the premelting effect in the solid state, the singular ‘critical’ temperature correlates with the bulk discontinuous melting and freezing temperatures. Consequently, the report shows that linseed oil, despite its ‘natural and complex’ origins, can be considered a unique model system for two fundamental problems: (i) pretransitional (supercritical) effects in the liquid state associated with a weakly discontinuous phase transition, and (ii) the premelting behavior in the solid side of the discontinuous melting/freezing discontinuous transition.



* 1. Popularization of knowledge, especially regarding Soft Matter Physics and the impact of High Pressure 

* 2. Promoting achievements of young scientists  associated with the X-PressMatter IHPP PAS Laboratory

* 3. Promoting knowledge about personalities of the world of science

* 4. Supporting co-organization/ organization of the "Show Yourself in Science" Workshop & International Seminar on Soft Matter

This WEBSITE was created to realize the following, main  GOALS:

Soft Matter systems have common features, such as the dominance of elements or local structures on the mesoscale, combined with their relatively weak interactions, which turns out to be sufficient to obtain a tendency to self-organize with even a small change in parameters. This additionally leads to extraordinary sensitivity to even minor endogenous and exogenous factors, e.g., nanoparticles and pressure. In the case of the latter, relatively low pressures P~1 GPa, or even much lower ones, can lead to phases/states with exotic features, often persisting after decompression.

Worth stressing, that for "classical hard matter" systems, a pressure similar to that at the Earth's core (~300 GPa) is typically required, and the resulting "exotic" properties most often disappear upon decompression.

ThWebWave website builder was used to create  the websites