X-PressMatter Group' IHPP PAS

Soft  Matter  Blog

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27 maja 2024

Giant Premelting Effects for Solid–Liquid Discontinuous Transition in Nitrobenzene under Compression

This report presents ‘giant’ and long-range premelting effects appearing in dielectric properties for the temperature and pressure paths of studies, with an explicit critical-like portrayal. The result was obtained for the ‘classic’ low molecular weight compound: nitrobenzene, tested in the solid and liquid phases. Dielectric studies enable the ‘extraction’ of the response from liquid layers between crystalline grains. Compressing increased the premelting effects, probably due to the ‘crushing’ of crystalline grains by isotropic squeezing and increasing the liquid layers between grains. This report indicates the significance of considering the melting/freezing phenomenon from the point of view of the ‘solid crystalline grains and critical-type liquid layers in synergic interactions’ concept

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* 2. Promoting achievements of young scientists  associated with the X-PressMatter IHPP PAS Laboratory

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* 4. Supporting co-organization/ organization of the "Show Yourself in Science" Workshop & International Seminar on Soft Matter

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Soft Matter systems have common features, such as the dominance of elements or local structures on the mesoscale, combined with their relatively weak interactions, which turns out to be sufficient to obtain a tendency to self-organize with even a small change in parameters. This additionally leads to extraordinary sensitivity to even minor endogenous and exogenous factors, e.g., nanoparticles and pressure. In the case of the latter, relatively low pressures P~1 GPa, or even much lower ones, can lead to phases/states with exotic features, often persisting after decompression.

Worth stressing, that for "classical hard matter" systems, a pressure similar to that at the Earth's core (~300 GPa) is typically required, and the resulting "exotic" properties most often disappear upon decompression.

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